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Articles of Association

The articles of association (Swedish: bolagsordning) can be described as a very basic version of the shareholders’ agreement, including some formalities regarding number of shares in the company, company name etc. They can also contain pre-emption right (very common) and right of first refusal (quite common).

The articles are public and have to be registered with the Swedish Companies Registration Office (Bolagsverket). They always apply to all shareholders in the company, no matter if they like them or not. Therefore, keep them very basic and put everything else in the shareholders’ agreement. To change the articles, you need a qualified majority at a general meeting. Just make sure that the articles are clean, and you will not have to update them frequently.

/Erik Byrenius